Introduction to vaccination in dogs
When we talk about vaccination in dogs only you and your dog’s vet can decide which dog vaccinations are necessary. It is a well-known fact that nobody wants that their dog should face discomfort as the process of vaccination which is not for day or two. There are two types of vaccinations for the dogs – the core ones and the non – core ones. These vaccinations are important as they protect your dog from a number of diseases. These vaccinations for dogs are given to your dog in the form of injection.
The dog vaccinations which are necessary for a healthy life of your dog
There are number of vaccinations for dogs which are necessary for your dog. Here we will discuss about some of the common vaccinations which are absolutely necessary for your favourite dog.
The Parvovirus vaccination and its effects
The parvovirus in dogs is extremely contagious and spreads through the faeces of a dog which is infected. The bad news is that this disease can kill young puppies as they do not have a strong immune system. More than 90% of untreated parvovirus cases result in death and the parvovirus is the only virus which can provide protection to your dog against this deadly virus.
If a puppy seems to be at high risk of getting parvovirus the vaccine should be given to him at 5 weeks old. When the puppies are about 6-9 weeks old they are not taken as the potential target of high risk and at his point of time they are given 5 in 1 vaccine. When the puppy is around 12-15 weeks a combination of vaccine is given. Once these vaccinations for dogs are given your dog will go for a booster vaccination every year or once in three years.
The causes, effects and treatment of Corona virus
Corona virus is a disease which attacks the intestinal tract of a dog. Although this disease does not last long but it is known to cause a number of complications and side effects in some cases. This virus is transmitted through saliva and faeces of dogs. The common symptoms for this disease are diarrhoea, loss in appetite and lethargy. In this situation your dog’s stool would contain blood or mucus and will have a different odour.
The puppies are given corona virus vaccine when they are about 6-9 weeks old in places where this deadly virus is a concern. When your puppy is about 12-15 weeks old he is treated with another dose of corona virus vaccine. Normally the adult dogs are not given boosters for corona virus but some vets prefer it to include in combination vaccines such as parvovirus, distemper and adenovirus type 2
Rabies vaccination and its benefits for your dog
Rabies is a viral disease and can be carried to your dog by other mammals. This is one of the few diseases which humans can get from their dogs. This deadly disease is usually transmitted due to a bite from the infected animal. This disease causes encephalitis thereby infecting the nervous system and leading to death. However if rabies can be stopped before the occurrence of symptoms it can be stopped. The bad news is that once symptoms appear this disease becomes a fatal disease.
The rabies vaccination is given when the puppies are 12 weeks old. However this age of puppies may vary from place to place. The second shot of rabies is given one year after the first shot. The boosters are given after every 2-3 years which depends on the vaccination as well as the local laws of a particular place. This is one of the vaccinations for dogs which you cannot afford to miss.
Adenovirus cough and Hepatitis vaccination to protect your dog
The adenovirus type 1 can lead to canine hepatitis. Dogs suffering from this deadly virus get swelling and cell damage in liver. This can cause haemorrhage and led to death. The faeces and urine of the infected dogs are the main reasons of getting this virus. The common symptoms for this virus are lack of appetite, fever, pale colour and pain in the abdomen. There is swelling of fluid in the dog’s eyes which gives a blue colour to its eyes. Death is common in 1-2 days in this fatal disease.
The canine adenovirus type 2 is similar to hepatitis virus and is the main reason of cough in dogs.
The canine adenovirus type 1 or canine adenovirus type 2 injections will both protect your dog from adenovirus hepatitis and cough. The adenovirus 2 injection is more preferred. This shot of vaccine is usually included in the 5 ways or 7 way vaccines.
The 5- way Canine distemper vaccination
Canine distemper is a highly contagious viral disease in dogs. This disease is similar to the virus that causes measles. It spreads through the air and is known to attack the lymph nodes and tonsils of the dog. This virus further attacks the respiratory, urogenital, gastrointestinal and nervous system of the dog.
The vaccination for this deadly disease is given as a part of a combined vaccination which is DHLLP. This vaccination is a 5-way vaccine which protects against hepatitis, parvo, parainfluenza and leptospirosis. Ideally the dg should get vaccination for canine distemper at the age of 6,9,12 and 15 weeks.
The above mentioned vaccinations are some of the best vaccinations for dogs which are necessary and should not be avoided.